MEDICAL NEGLIGENCE AND CONCURRING INDIAN LEGISLATIONS
The principle that doctors and indeed all professionals should be accountable for their failure is entirely acceptable. However, the modes to test this accountability of the professionals are diverse and various methods have been tried over the period of time. It is left to one’s imagination how a prehistoric tribal chief punished a shaman or medicine man or witch doctor or priest, physician who was perceived to have injured the chief’s family. In earlier time medical negligence was considered more as a crime rather than as a tort. The early tribal or communal law depended on local practice and custom for controlling the actions of the members of the medical profession.
The constitution guarantee the fundamental rights which are certain express commands to the executive and the legislative wings of the state not to do certain things in the governance of the country and in law-making. A healthy body is the very foundation for all human activities. In a welfare state, therefore creation and sustaining of conditions congenial to good health, i.e. right to health
Directive principles of state policy enumerated under part IV of the Indian Constitution nourish the roots of our democracy, provides strength and vigour to it. It attempt to make it a real participatory democracy which does not remain merely a political democracy but also becomes social and economic democracy with fundamental rights available to all irrespective of their power, position or wealth.
There are also various other legislations and important decisions by the apex court in regard with the matter of medical negligence trying to cope up with and block all the loop holes which are very much prevailing in the area.
The seminal aim of this paper is to analyse the various Indian legislations and other important decisions by the Indian courts in relation to the subject and to help the layman realise the available remedies that he can incur from the existing laws and to suggest some measures to overcome various challenges that the society faces in today’s era concerning this matter.