TERMINATION OF THE BANKER-CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP BY OPERATION OF LAW
The determination of whether the banker-customer relationship is in existence at a particular point of time has important legal consequences for both parties to that contractual relationship. As duration is not of the essence of the relationship, even a single transaction can give rise to it. It is therefore important to determine the conditions under which the banker-customer relationship may be terminated. Termination of the banker-customer relationship by operation of law may occur in the following ways, viz, death of the customer, mental incapacity of customer, bankruptcy of the customer, winding up of a company customer, winding up of a bank and outbreak of war. Since a detail examination on this point is unnecessary as far as our topic is concerned, it is avoided from further discussion. for legal purposes, the receiving of deposits by a bank from the public is regarded as a borrowing by the bank. But as a debtor, the bank is not like other commercial debtors; he has certain privileges and is burdened with contractual, statutory and customary obligations. It is with reference to this peculiar legal relationship that the behaviour of the bank in any particular case is scrutinized and any deficiency in service is detected. In this Article, an attempt is made to concentrate on the major decisions relating to the legal remedies available to Banking customers and the endeavour of judiciary to conceptualise the relation between banker and customer.